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Dictionary of Industry Terms

  • C & S :
    Cut and Straightened.

  • C.D. :
    Cold Drawn.

  • C.F. :
    Cold Finished.

  • C.R. :
    Cold Rolled.

  • CARBON STEEL :
    Steel which derives its properties from various percentages of carbon without any great amount of other alloying elements.

  • CARBURIZING :
    A case hardening process by which carbon alone is added to a limited or specified penetration by heating steel below its melting point in contact with carbonaceous solids, liquids, or gases.

  • CASE :
    The surface area of an iron-base alloy whose carbon content has been increased substantially by case hardening.

  • CASE HARDENING :
    Carburizing and subsequently hardening by suitable heat-treatment, all or part of the surface portions of a piece of iron base alloy.

  • CHIPPINO :
    Removing seams and other surface defects from steel by means of hand or power chisels.

  • CLEAVAGE PLANE :
    Planes along which crystals break more easily.

  • COGGING :
    Reducing ingots to blooms by rolling or forging.

  • COGGING HAMMER :
    Forging hammer for reducing ingots to blooms.

  • COLD SHORTNESS :
    The characteristic of metals that are brittle at ordinary or low temperatures.

  • COLD SHUT :
    A place in metal where two portions of the metal in either a molten or plastic condition have come together but have failed to unite into a solid mass.

  • COLD WORKING :
    The operation of forming the metal, without the application of heat, by rolling, hammering, drawing, pressing or other means to obtain accurate size, fine finish or increased strength.

  • CONDUIT :
    Pipe serving as a duct for electrical wiring; usually supplied in ten-foot lengths, with plain ends or threaded and coupled. The pipe used is normally galvanized, slightly larger than standard weight with a smooth inner surface. However, the term "conduit" may refer to pipe for uses other than electrical.

  • CORE :
    The interior portion of an iron-base alloy whose chemical composition has not been substantially changed as the result of case hardening.

  • CROP :
    The defective ends of a rolled or forged product which are cut off and discarded.

  • CUP FRACTURE :
    A type of fracture in a tensile test specimen which looks like a cup having the exterior portion extended with the interior slightly depressed.

  • CYANIDING :
    Surface hardening of an iron base alloy article or portion of it by heating at a suitable temperature in contact with a cyanide salt, followed by quenching.

 
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